文章摘要
有氧联合抗阻运动对绝经综合征女性生存质量的影响
Effect of aerobic combined with resistance exercise on the quality of survival of women with menopausal syndrome
投稿时间:2023-03-16  修订日期:2023-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 有氧联合抗阻运动  绝经综合征  生存质量
英文关键词: aerobic combined with resistance exercise  menopause syndrome  quality of survival
基金项目:铜陵市科技计划项目
作者单位邮编
孙晓天* 铜陵市妇幼保健院 244000
唐飞 铜陵市妇幼保健院 
康莉 铜陵市妇幼保健院 
刘素贞 铜陵市妇幼保健院 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探究有氧联合抗阻运动训练对绝经综合症女性生存质量影响。 方法 选取2019年9月至2021年6月在某院就诊的70例围绝经期女性为研究对象。将70例患者按随机数字表法分为运动组(35例)、对照组(35例)。比较干预前和干预6个月后参与者Kupperman量表评分、绝经期生存质量量表评分(MENQOL)、焦虑自评量表评分(SAS)和抑郁自评量表评分(SDS)的差异,并根据绝经状态、文化程度和家庭人均月收入进行分层分析。 结果 干预6个月后运动组的Kupperman、MENQOL、SAS、SDS总分相较于干预前均有所降低,干预6个月后运动组的4项总分相较于对照组均有所降低(P<0.05)。在未绝经、文化程度高中及以上和家庭人均月收入≥5000元的人群中,干预6个月后运动组的4种量表评分均低于干预后对照组(P<0.05)。 结论 有氧联合抗阻运动有益于缓解绝经综合征女性相关症状,有效提高生活质量,可以作为治疗绝经综合征患者的一种有效措施。此外,已绝经以及文化程度和家庭收入较低的绝经综合征患者应作为围绝经期管理的重点关注对象。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To explore the effects of aerobic resistance exercise training on the quality of life of women with menopausal syndrome. Methods: 70 cases of perimenopausal women attending the Hospital from September 2019 to June 2021 were selected for the study. The 70 patients were divided into exercise group (35 cases), and control group (35 cases) according to the random number table method. The differences in participants' Kupperman scale scores, menopause-specific quality of life scores (MENQOL), self-rating anxiety scale scores (SAS) and self-rating depression scale scores (SDS) before and after 6 months of the intervention were compared, and the analysis was also stratified according to menopausal status, education level, and monthly per capita household income. Results: After 6 months of intervention, the total scores of Kupperman, MENQOL, SAS and SDS in exercise group were decreased compared with before intervention, and the total scores of 4 items in exercise group were decreased compared with control group (P < 0.05). The scores of four scales in the exercise group after 6 months of intervention were lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Aerobic combined with resistance exercise therapy are beneficial in alleviating symptoms associated with women with menopausal syndrome and effectively improving the quality of life, and can be an effective measure in the treatment of patients with menopausal syndrome. In addition, menopausal patients as well as those with low literacy and family income should be a key concern for perimenopausal management.
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